What is the difference between cynical, sarcastic, and ironic?

Q: What is the difference between cynical, sarcastic, and ironic?

A: These words are sometimes confused, but they are actually completely different.

Cynical means we have lost faith in others due to our experiences, or that we only think of our own interests.

In a sentence: “After years of working for politicians, Bob had become too cynical to care about fundraising for charity.”

Situation: “Jill’s subordinate made up so many illnesses and called in sick so many times, that she did not believe him when he called to say he had been hospitalized.

Sarcastic means using words that mean the opposite of what we actually mean. This is often used by people who have a biting wit, and those they are speaking to may have trouble telling if they are being sincere, joking, or being mean.

In a sentence: When the friends arrived at the dirty, run down hotel, Nancy said, sarcastically, “Wow, Topher, you chose a great place for us to stay!.”

Situation: ”Ramona, who had gained a significant amount of weight over the years, attended her high school reunion. Her classmate Kelly said “Well look at you! You haven’t changed at all”.

Irony is the word here that is most often used incorrectly. It means words, actions or situations that are totally different (not opposite) from what is expected. We may use sarcasm to describe an ironic situation – this is what leads people to confuse the two.

In a sentence: “The couple postponed their wedding until June to avoid bad weather. Ironically, a hurricane hit the area the day of the wedding.”

Situation: “The man traveled for 8 hours to Kishi Station to see Tamachan, but when he got there, he found she had died in 2015.


Q: 「皮肉な」を表すcynical, sarcastic, ironicの違いは? 

A: これらの言葉は間違えやすいわよね。でも実際は全然違うのよ。